How To Beat the Heat and Stay Cool This Summer!

Summer just started this past week, bringing with it exceptionally hot temperatures and beautifully sunny days. Heat exposure is common in the summer time when temperatures become very high. Intense exercise or exposure to extreme heat can affect your body's ability to cool itself down. Different types of heat exposure can range from heat edema and heat rashes to heat exhaustion and heat stroke, on the more severe end. Heat related illnesses can affect everyone differently; therefore, it is good to know signs of heat exhaustion to help prevent heat exhaustion from turning into heat stroke. 
 
Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion:
- Nausea or irritability 
- Dizziness
- Muscle cramps or weakness
- Feeling faint
- Headache
- Fatigue 
- Thirst 
- Heavy sweating 
- High body temperature
 
If you feel any of the above symptoms for heat exhaustion it is important to:
- Move to a cooler location (in the shade or into an air conditioned building)
- Remove as much clothing as possible (including socks and shoes)
- Apply cold damp clothes or ice to the head, face or neck  
- Drink lots of water  
 
Heat exhaustion can easily turn into heat stroke. Heat stroke is a serious medical emergency and if any of the below symptoms are present call 911 immediately.
 
Symptoms of Heat Stroke include:
- Hot dry skin 
- Loss of consciousness
- Very high body temperature
- Confusion
- Seizures 
 
Some tips to avoid heat related illnesses: 
- Drink lots of water and stay hydrated
- Wear loose, light coloured clothing 
- Stay in the shade and out of the sun as much as possible 
- Avoid caffeine as caffeinated beverages can cause dehydration 
- Plan around peak hours - try to exercise or work out in the sun before 10:00 A.M and after 4:00 P.M.
- If you feel any heat stroke symptoms seek medical aid right away
 
Source: 
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/heat_health.html
http://www.healthline.com/health/when-heat-how-avoid-heat-stroke#3